これからの時代に東洋的哲学を探究する意義とは〜人新世における人と自然の関係性の再構築〜

人と自然の関係性に切り込んだこの記事(英語)にインスピレーションを受けて徒然。
Humanity and nature are not separate – we must see them as one to fix the climate crisis

人新世はその概念自体の批判も含めて世界中で分野横断で様々な議論がされているわけですが、社会科学や人文科学に再考を迫る非人間中心主義的な概念としての可能性をひらこうとするティモシーモートンやブルーノラトゥールらの態度に共感する。

そして、この記事でも、人と自然の分離や大乗仏教における縁起的概念にも触れられているけど、分離の構造は即ち支配ー被支配の構造。それが内側も含めて幾層にも重なり合っている現代で、人と自然の関係性を再構築しようとするとき、それは同時に人が他者を支配しようとする構造と向き合うことを避けられないはず。

だからこそ今の時代に、東洋的哲学、特に相依相待性の世界を改めて深め探究することの意義の一つはそこだと思ってる。

教育におけるSense of wonder and connectionについてのSensory development、の重要性にもすごく共感。

あと、”strongly influenced by Mahayana Buddhism, Bhutan has enshrined ecological resilience into its constitution”って知らなかった。ブータンに詳しい方いたら教えてください。

(ちなみに、ティモシーモートンは、ブルーノ・ラトゥールの有名なアクターネットワーク理論の先に、その弟子のハーマンが見出したオブジェクト指向存在論をベースにした環境哲学を展開している。OOOは難解なので色々と勉強中。こちらも良い本があれば教えてください)

discussion around the Anthropocene is actually controversial beyond disciplines especially after popularized by E.Stoemer and P. Crutzen, and I like the perspective in this article that views it as a threshold toward the post-human-centered concept, such as Timothy Morton and Bruno Latour.

#Anthropocene #人新世 #TimothyMorton #BrunoLatour #ecology #OOO#MahayanaBuddhism

ーー以下、引用ーー
Scholars such as Timothy Morton and Bruno Latour remind us that viewing the natural world as separated from humans is not only ethically problematic but empirically false. Microorganisms in our gut aid digestion, while others compose part of our skin. Pollinators such as bees and wasps help produce the food we eat, while photosynthetic organisms such as trees and phytoplankton provide the oxygen that we need in order to live, in turn taking up the carbon dioxide we expel.

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Eastern philosophies and religions such as Zen Buddhism also entangle humanity and nature, emphasising that there is no such thing as an independent self and that all things depend on others for their existence and well-being. For example, strongly influenced by Mahayana Buddhism, Bhutan has enshrined ecological resilience into its constitution. Mandating that at least 60% of the nation remain forested, the country is one of just two in the world to absorb more carbon than it emits. It measures progress not by GDP but against a “gross national happiness” index, which prioritises human and ecological well-being over boundless economic growth.
Of course, entanglement with nature exists in the Western world too. But the global socioeconomic systems birthed by this region were founded on the exploitation of the natural world for profit. Transforming these entrenched ways of working is no easy feat.

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However, to bring about widespread fundamental change in worldviews, we need to start young. Practices such as nature journaling in early primary school – in which children record their experiences of the natural world in written and art form – can cultivate wonder at and connection to the natural world.

#Anthropocene #人新世 #TimothyMorton #BrunoLatour #ecology #OOO#MahayanaBuddhism