これからの分断の時代をどう生きるか？ （出現する未来 / オットー・シャーマー）
Leading from the Emerging Future: From Ego-System to Eco-System Economies
Breathing life into a dying system
■How to lead from the emerging future?
The more dramatic changes in our environment, the less we can rely on past patterns, and the more we need to pay attention to emerging future opportunities
this book is a quest to answer to the three interrelated questions
1.In the face of disruption, how do we lead from theemerging future?
2.What evolutionary economic framework can guide our journey forward?
3.What strategies can help us to function as vehicles for shifting the whole？
ecological divide : disconnect between self and nature
social divide : disconnect between self and other
spiritual-cultural divide : a disconnect between self and Self, that is, between one’s current “self” and the emerging future “Self” that represents one’s greatest potential.
■Structures: Systemic Disconnects That Give Rise to Symptoms
the financial and the real economy
infinite growth imperative and the finite resources of Planet Earth
the Haves and the Have Nots
institutional leadership and people
gross domestic product (GDP)and well-being
governance and the voiceless in our systems
actual ownership forms and best societal use of property.
technology and real societal needs
■positive externalities Flow to the top, negative e xternalities to the poor
■Four stages of economic paradigms
The state-centric model, characterized by coordination through
hierarchy and control in a single-sector society.
The free-market model, characterized by the rise of a second
(private) sector and coordinated through the mechanisms of
market and competition
The social-market model, characterized by the rise of a third
(NGO) sector and by negotiated coordination among organized
The co-creative eco-system model, characterized by the rise of a
fourth sector that creates platforms and holds the space for cross-
sector innovation that engages stakeholders from all sectors
To paraphrase the quote above attributed to Einstein, we cannot solve the current 4.0 type of eco-system problems with the 2.0 and 3.0 ego-system thinking that created them.
■ Frameworks of economic operating systems
The frameworks of economic thought articulate four different economic logics or paradigms that give rise to four different operating systems.
1.0 Economic Operating System is based on traditional awareness and hierarchical thinking
2.0 Economic Operating System is based on ego-system awareness and me-centric thinking
3.0 Economic Operating System is based on institutional stakeholder awareness and some negotiated coalitions that internalize concern for the well-being of key stakeholders.
4.0 Economic Operating System (discussed in detail later) is based on eco-system awareness—that is, an awareness that values the well-being of all others and serves the well-being of the whole
■Sources That Give Rise to Mental Models, Structures, and Symptoms
The journey from ego-system to eco-system awareness, or from “me” to“we,” has three dimensions:
(1) better relating to others
(2) better relating to the whole system
(3) better relating to oneself.
These three dimensions require participants to explore the edges of the system and the self
■Thory U – Shifting the inner place from which we operate
the quality of results produced by any system depends on the quality of awareness from which people in the system operate
O’Brien said: “The success of an inter-vention depends on theinterior conditionof the intervener.” We might say it this way: The success of our actions as change-makers does not depend on what we do or how we do it, but on the inner place from which we operate
the quality of the source (or inner place) from which we operate in “the Now” tends to be outside the range of our normal observation, attention, and awareness
Presencing is a blended word combining sensing (feeling the future possibility) andpres-ence(the state of being in the present moment). It means sensing andactualizing one’s highest future possibility—acting from the presenceof what is wanting to emerge